Labour Mobility

Type of Investment


Project Stage


Length of Investment

2023 - 

Investment Overview

Planning for Productive Migration (PPM) is a holistic package of support to enable households living in poverty in Niger to take advantage of internal and regional migration opportunities to improve their livelihoods and household resilience to climate change.


The Development Challenge

Niger is among the world’s poorest countries, with approximately 93% of the population living on less than USD 5 PPP per day. It is badly affected by climate change, with households in rural areas increasingly vulnerable to erratic rainfall leading to periods of food insecurity. Research suggests that the income shocks which follow climate shocks make it more challenging for poor households to use migration as a strategy for climate resilience. Indeed, while migration is an existing phenomenon in Niger and there are visa free travel regimes in the region, rates of urbanisation are low and Niger has fewer migrants abroad than similarly landlocked neighbours, suggesting migration is under utilised as a livelihood and resilience strategy for poor households affected by climate change.


The Innovation

Designed by Stanford's Immigration Policy Lab and Mercy Corps Niger, The Planning for Productive Migration (PPM) innovation is a holistic programme designed to support households to explore how to utilise domestic and regional temporary migration opportunities to diversify livelihoods. It includes access to advice on employment opportunities, information on legal rights and requirements and network ties in destination markets, facilitation of household planning to ensure collective decision making, support to secure requisite paperwork, advise on low cost remittance transfers, soft skills training, travel subsidies to cover cost of travel, and support for migrants while away from home. Overall, the programme seeks to generate evidence around how to increase the uptake of internal and regional migration opportunities, maximise the returns to migration for individuals and families, and promote safer migration by mitigating key risks.


Our Investment

GIF provided a pilot grant of $230,000 to Stanford’s Immigration Policy Lab in 2023 to contribute to a randomised evaluation of the planning for productive migration programme across a sample of approximately 2,400 households. The evaluation will generate evidence on uptake of migration and households livelihoods, wellbeing and resilience. This evidence will be disseminated to replant policy makers and communities of practice to encourage greater consideration of interventions utilising migration for livelihoods and resilience outcomes in developing programming at scale.


Planning for Productive Migration in Numbers


of the population of Niger living on less than USD 5 PPP per day.

Only 13%

of households in Niger have climate adaptation strategies in place.


the proportion of young men surveyed who would be interested in migrating if they received help to overcome barriers